A series of notes which define a diatonic tonality, often consisting of eight degrees, and containing a tonic and sometimes also a leading tone.
An accidental that raises a given pitch by
one half-step. See also key
Sixth - The interval of six diatonic degrees.
Sixteenth note/rest - A note/rest half the length of an eighth note and a sixteenth the length of a whole note.
Slur - A curved line placed above or below two or more notes of
different pitch to indicate that they are to be performed in legato
Smorzando - toning down to a whisper
Solo - a composition for a single voice or instrument
Solmization - The term for the use of syllables for the degrees of the major scale: do, re, mi, fa, sol, la ti, do. The minor scale (natural) is la, ti, do, re, mi, fa, sol, la. (Yamaha uses this method of note naming)
A piece for a solo, or accompanied ,instrument,
usually in 3 or 4 movements.
Song Forms - The arrangement of sections in a song to contrast similiar and different sections. Often, letters are used to represent different parts of a given selection: ABA, AABA, ABACA, etc.
Sostenuto - more at sustained
Sotto Voce - softly, or also meaning in a low voice
Spirito - with spirit, in a lively manner
Staccato - detached, crisply played
Subito - Suddenly.
Submediant - The sixth degree of a major or minor scale. Also, the name of the triad built on the sixth degree of the scale, indicated by VI in a major key and by vi in a minor key.
Supertonic - The second degree of the major or minor scale. Also, the name of the triad built on the second degree of the scale, indicated by II in a major scale and iio in a minor scale.
Suspension - The use of a nonharmonic tone to delay the resolution of a chord, frequently as it occurs in a cadence.
Glenn Bonney's Music School © 2000